The Houses of Parliament is the political heart of the U.K. in London and the Crown viewers will immediately recall the scene of his speech in the celebration of Churchill’s 80th birthday in House of Parliament, that’s Season 1, Episode 9. The most remarkable moment in this episode was his discontented look when he sees his badly painted portrait. It’s not that brutal look, of course, this masterpiece’s history starts from Westminster Hall.
The painting was presented to Churchill by both Houses of Parliament at a public ceremony in Westminster Hall on 30 November 1954. The Houses of Parliament, known also as the Palace of Westminster is where the two Houses of Parliament of the United Kingdom (the House of Lords and the House of Commons) conduct their sittings and lie on the north bank of the River Thames in the London borough of the City of Westminster, close by other government buildings in Whitehall.
The oldest part of the Houses of Parliament is still in existence, Westminster Hall, which dates from 1097. The palace originally served as a royal residence, but no monarch has lived in it since the 16th century. Most of the present Houses of Parliament structure dates from the 19th century when the Palace was rebuilt after it was almost entirely destroyed by a fire in 1834.
The architects responsible for rebuilding the Palace were Sir Charles Barry and Augustus Welby Pugin, and the building is an example of the Gothic revival. The Houses of Parliament are the setting for the tumultuous past of the British Empire.